Saturn’s Hyperion: A Moon with Odd Craters

Originally from 02 / 27 / 11
Cassini Imaging Team, SSI, JPL, ESA, NASA

Explanation: What lies at the bottom of Hyperion‘s strange craters? Nobody’s sure. To help find out, the robot Cassini spacecraft now orbiting Saturn swooped past the sponge-textured moon in 2005 and 2010 and took images of unprecedented detail. An image from the 2005 pass, shown above in false color, shows a remarkable world strewn with strange craters and a generally odd surface. The slight differences in color likely show differences in surface composition. At the bottom of most craters lies some type of unknown dark material. Inspection of the image shows bright features indicating that the dark material might be only tens of meters thick in some places. Hyperion and has a density so low that it might house a vast system of caverns inside.

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Saturn’s Hyperion: A Moon with Odd Craters

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